Published at Saturday, 04 May 2019. Worksheet. By Nathaly Marchal.
There are seven primary types of relationships used in our analogies: function, degree, lack, characteristic, type/kind, part to whole, and definition. Keep in mind that these relationship categories are general; there are many other categories and variations used throughout these worksheets. Also remember that while learning how to solve analogy problems can be very educational and rewarding, it can also be frustrating. Therefore, we strongly recommend you review our Classic Bridge Examples worksheet as well as our Three-Step Method for solving analogies problems (see links below). This will greatly enhance your personal understanding of how analogies work, improve your lesson plan when introducing analogies to students, and likely result in a higher rate of success. The best strategy to use when completing analogies problems is the bridge sentence strategy. Bridge sentences are helpful because they enable the student to instantly recognize the answer pair by plugging it into the bridge sentence formulated from the question pair. If the bridge sentence works with both the question pair and answer pair, then you know you have found the correct answer.
This understanding comes from the interaction between the words that are written and how they trigger knowledge outside the text. Humans are thought to have a set reserve, an established threshold for attention and absorption of information, commonly referred to as processing capacity. This being the case, it is generally believed that proficient reading depends on the ability to recognize words quickly and effortlessly. If word recognition is difficult, students use too much of their processing capacity to read individual words, which interferes with their ability to comprehend what is read. Many educators in the United States believe that students need to learn to analyze text (comprehend it) even before they can read it on their own, and comprehension instruction generally begins in pre-Kindergarten or Kindergarten. But other US educators consider this reading approach to be completely backward for very young children, arguing that the children must learn how to decode the words in a story through phonics before they can analyze the story itself. The reason why reading comprehension is such an effective learning tool is that, like art, it teaches students to manipulate particulars in attempt to represent the universal.
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